Glove PPE standard
- Guidelines for the new regulation 2016/425
- Categories of risks with respect to EPIS
- EN420:2003+A1:2009 Basic requirements and test methods
- EN388:2016 Protective gloves against thermal risks
- ENISO374:2016 Chemical Protection Gloves
- EN407:2004 Protective gloves against thermal risks
- EN381-7:1999 Protection against cutting by chain saws
- EN511:2006 Protective gloves against the cold
- EN659:2003+A1:2008+AC:2009 Protective gloves for firefighters
- EN12477:2001+A1:2005 Protective gloves for welders
- EN16350:2014 Protection against electrostatic properties
- EN60903:2003 Gloves for electrical hazards
- ENISO11611:2015 Clothing for welders
- Gloves for food use regulations
Introduction for the new regulation 2016/425
Regulation: Standard issued by the organs of the European Union directly applicable in the Member States, without the need for transposition. Published March 31, 2016 in the DOUE comes into force on April 21, 2018. From April 21, 2019, distributors will be able to introduce EPIS into the market in accordance with the new Regulation 2016/425.
Main changes to the new EU regulation 2016/425
- It goes from being a Directive to a mandatory Regulation in all EU countries.
- The CE Declaration of Conformity will be named the EU Declaration of Conformity, and the standards to which it refers will be cited with the year of update or revision: EN388: 2016 or ENISO374: 2016.
- CE Certificates will be named as EU Certificates.
- The Prospectus must include a link where you can download the EU Declaration of Conformity.
- The manufacturer agrees to establish traceability on its EPIS.
- An expiration of 5 years is imposed on the EU Type Examination Certificates that will require the recertification of all EPIS.
- EPIS designed to protect against chainsaw portable chainsaw cuts become Category III EPIS.
Risks Categories for PPEs
Includes the following minimum risks: (superficial mechanical injuries, contact with weakly acting cleaning materials or extensive contact with water, contact with hot surfaces not exceeding 50ºC., eye injuries caused by sunlight non extreme atmospheric conditions. Internal production control (Module A) is carried out in accordance with Annex IV.
It includes risks other than those listed in categories I and III. EU type examination (Module B) under Annex V, followed by conformity to the type based on internal production control (Module C) under Annex VI
Exclusively includes risks that might incur very serious consequences, such as death or irreversible damage to health, in relation to the following: (substances and mixtures dangerous to health, atmospheres lacking oxygen, harmful biological agents, ionizing radiation, atmospheres with high temperatures whose effects are comparable to those of an air temperature of at least 100ºC, low temperature environments whose effects are comparable to those of an air temperature of -50ºC or less, falls from height, electric shocks and live work , drowning, cuts by hand-operated chain saws, high-pressure jets, gunshot or stab wounds, harmful noises).
EU type examination (Module B) according to Annex V and any of the following options:
- Type conformity based on internal production control plus supervised product control at random intervals (Module C2) according to Annex VII.
- Conformity with the type based on the quality assurance of the production process (Module D) under Annex VIII.
EN420:2003+A1:2009 – General requirements and test methods
It is scheduled for review in 2019 - 2020.
The standard defines general requirements:
- Glove design and construction
- Resistance of glove materials to water penetration
- Safety: pH between 3.5 and 9.5 according to EN ISO 4045 / EN 1413, chromium VI content less than 3.0 mg / kg according to EN ISO 17075: 2007 for leather gloves and extractable proteins according to EN 455-3 for natural rubber gloves.
- Electrostatic properties.
The standard defines comfort and effectiveness:
- Transmission and absorption of water vapor.
|DIMENSIONS OF THE HAND|
|Protection level||Diameter of the smallest rod that meets the test conditions (mm)|
EN388:2016 Protective gloves against mechanical risks.
The EN388: 2003 standard is renamed EN388: 2016, the year of its revision. The reason for the modification is given by the discrepancies in the results between laboratories in the knife cut test, COUP TEST. Materials with high levels of cut produce a dulling effect on the circular blades, which undermines the result.
The new regulation was published in November 2016 and the previous one is from the year 2003. During these 13 years, there has been a great innovation in the materials for the manufacture of cutting gloves, they have forced to introduce changes in the tests to be able to measure with more rigorous levels of protection. If you want to know more about the main changes in these regulations, you can consult it through our website www.jubappe.es
|EN388: 2016 PERFORMANCE LEVELS||1||2||3||4||5|
|6.1 Abrasion resistance (Cycles)||100||500||2000||8000||-|
|6.2 Blade cut resistance (Index)||1,2||2,5||5||10||20|
|6.4 Tear resistance (Newtons)||10||25||50||75||-|
|6.5 Puncture resistance (Newtons)||20||60||100||150||-|
|ENISO13997:1999 PERFORMANCE LEVELS||A||B||C||D||E||F|
|6.3 TDM: Cut resistance (Newtons)||2||5||10||15||22||30|
A - Abrasion resistance (X, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4)
B - Blade Cut Resistance (X, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5)
C - Tear resistance (X, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4)
D - Puncture resistance(X, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4)
E - Cutting by sharp objects ISO 13997 (A, B, C, D, E, F)
F - Impact test complies / does not comply (It is optional. If it complies, put P)
ENISO374:2016 Chemical Protection Gloves
The EN374: 2003 standard is renamed ENISO374: 2016. The purpose of this standard is to classify gloves according to their behavior when exposed to chemical substances.
They are divided into the following parts:
Gloves classification according to ENISO374-1: 2016
Gloves are divided into three types:
TYPE A - Step time ≥ 30 minutes for at least 6 products.
TYPE B - Step time ≥ 30 minutes for at least 3 products
TYPE C - Step time ≥ 10 minutes for at least 1 products
|Letter||Chemical substance||CAS number||Class|
|E||Carbon disulfide||75-15-0||Sulphate organic compound|
|K||Sodium Hydroxide 40%||1310-73-2||Inorganic alkaline|
|L||Sulphuric acid 96%||7664-93-9||Inorganic, oxidising mineral acid|
|M||Nitric acid 65%||7697-37-2||Inorganic, oxidising mineral acid|
|N||Acetic acid 99%||64-19-7||Organic acid|
|O||Ammonia Hydroxide 25%||1332-21-6||Organic Alkaline|
|P||Hydrogen peroxide 30%||7722-84-1||Peroxide|
|Q||Hydrofluoric acid 40%||7664-39-3||Mineral organic acid|
Permeability resistance levels
|Penetration time average||Performance levels|
|> 10||Class 1|
|> 30||Class 2|
|> 60||Class 3|
|> 120||Class 4|
|> 240||Class 5|
|> 480||Class 6|
Gloves classification according to EN374-2: 2014
It is the advance of chemical products through the material, seams of the glove at a non-molecular level. Air leak test: the glove is inflated with air and immersed in water. The appearance of air bubbles is controlled within 30 '. Water leak test: the glove is filled with water and the appearance of water droplets is controlled. If these tests are positive, the pictogram will be put on.
Gloves classification according to EN374-4: 2013
Detriment to some of the glove's properties due to contact with a chemical. Eg: discoloration, hardening, softening, etc.
Permeation test EN 16523-1.
It is the advancement of chemicals at the molecular level. The resistance of the glove material to permeation by a chemical is determined by measuring the time it passes through the material.
Modification of the ENISO374-5: 2016 standard
When the glove passes the test described for virus protection, the word “virus” will appear under the pictogram. If nothing appeared, protection would only be assured against bacteria.
EN407:2004 – Protective gloves against thermal risks
A - Flame behaviour:
The material should comply with the requirements in the table. In addition, the material should not drip or melt. The seams should not open up after 15 seconds ignition time.
|Service provision level||Post-inflammation time||Post-incandescence time|
|1||≤ 20||No requirement|
|2||≤ 10||≤ 120|
|3||≤ 3||≤ 25|
|4||≤ 2||≤ 5|
B - Heat per contact:
The material should comply with:
|Service provision level||Contact temperature||Threshold time (s)|
C - Convective heat:
The material should comply with:
|Service provision level||HTI heat transfer index|
D - Radiating heat:
The material should comply with:
|Service provision level||Heat transfer index t3|
E - Small splashes:
The number of droplets necessary to produce a 40ºC rise in temperature should meet requirements in the table:
|Service provision level||Number of droplets|
F - Large splashes:
The PVC film that simulates the skin will not be smoothed or its surface roughness changed in any other way, with any of the quantities of iron used.
|Service provision level||Molten iron (g)|
EN381-7:1999 – Chainsaw risks
The minimum levels required for the EN388 standard are as follows: Abrasion resistance 2 | Cut resistance 1 | Tear resistance 2 | Puncture resistance 2
Protection against cutting by chain saws:
|Class 0||16 m/s|
|Class 1||20 m/s|
|Class 2||24 m/s|
|Class 3||28 m/s|
EN511:2006 – Protective gloves against cold
The two-handed gloves must meet the following requirements:
|Convective cold resistance*||ITR thermal insulation in m² ºC/W||0,10 ≤ ITR ≤ 0,15||0,15 ≤ ITR ≤ 0,22||0,22 ≤ ITR ≤ 0,30||0,30 ≤ ITR|
|Contact cold resistance||Thermal resistance R in m² C/W||0,025 ≤ R ≤ 0,050||0,050 ≤ R ≤ 0,100||0,100 ≤ R ≤ 0,150||0,150 ≤ R|
|Water impermeability||Waterproof for at least 5 minutes||Pass|
Niveles vs temperatura de uso del guante
If the convective cold is level 0 - This glove can be used up to a temperature of 0ºC
If the convective cold is level 1 - This glove can be used up to a temperature of -10ºC
If the convective cold is level 2 - This glove can be used up to a temperature -20ºC
If the convective cold is level 3 - This glove can be used up to a temperature of -30ºC
If the convective cold is level 4 - This glove can be used up to a temperature of -40ºC
EN659:2003+A1:2008+AC:2009 Firefighters protective gloves
Se exigen unos niveles mínimos para las normas EN388 y EN407 y unos largos mínimos.
|Abrasion resistance||Minimum 2000 cycles (Level 3)||Complies|
|Cut resistance||Minimum 2.5 (Level 2)||Complies|
|Tear resistance||Minimum 50 N (Level 3)||Complies|
|Puncture resistance||Minimum 2000 cycles (Level 3)||Complies|
|Flame resistance||Post-combustion t ≤ 2s
Post-glow t ≤ 5s
|Convective heat resistance||HTI24 ≥ 13 s (Level 3))||Complies|
|Radiant heat resistance||Heat irradiation time > 22 s)||Complies|
|Contact heat resistance||Contact heat at 250º C ≥ 10 s||Complies|
|Lining material heat resistance||A minimum 180ºC: Does not melt - Does not drip or burn||Complies|
|Shrinkage due to heat||A 180ºC < 5%||Complies|
|Dexterity||Minimum service provision level 1 should be obtained. (Rod 11 mm)||Complies|
|Resistance to breakage of seams||>- 350 N||Complies|
|Glove removal time||< 3 s||Complies|
|Water penetration resistance (optional)||Levels 1 to 4 depending on the time it takes for the water to pass through the glove||Complies|
|Chemical penetration resistance
- (H2SO4) = 30% Sulfuric acid
- (NaOH) = 40% Sodium hydroxide
- (HCl) = 36% Hydrochloric acid
Does not penetrate
Does not penetrate
Does not penetrate
EN12477:2001+A1:2005 – Protective gloves for welders
Requirements and test methods for welder's gloves. It classifies them into two types:
- Type A general welder gloves.
- Type B tact welder gloves. High desterity TIG welding case.
- At the moment there is no test method to determine the penetration of UV radiation through the materials from which the glove is made.
- When gloves are intended for arc welding: These gloves do not provide protection against electric shock caused by faulty equipment or live work, and electrical resistance is reduced if the gloves are damp, dirty, or sweat-wet, which could increase the risk.
|Property||Standard number EN||Type A||Type B|
|Abrasion resistance||EN 388||2 (500 cycles)||1 (100 cycles)|
|Blade cut resistance||EN 388||1 (index 1,2)||1 (index 1,2))|
|Tear resistance||EN 388||2 (25 N)||1 (10 N)|
|Puncture resistance||EN 388||2 (60 N)||1 (20 N)|
|Fire behavior||EN 407||3||2|
|Contact heat resistance||EN 407||1 (contact temperature 100ºC)||1 (contact temperature 100ºC)|
|Convective heat resistance||EN 407||2 (HTI ≥ 7)||-|
|Resistance to small molten metal splashes||EN 407||3 (25 gotas)||2 (15 gotas)|
|Desterity||EN420:1998||1 (diameter less than 11 mm)||4 (diameter less than 6,5 mm)|
EN16350:2014 – Protective gloves electrostatic properties
- The sample must be conditioned at least 48 hours before the test and must be tested at an air temperature 23 +/- 1ºC and at a relative humidity of 25 +/- 5%.
- For protective gloves with electrostatic dissipation, each individual measurement must meet the requirement: Vertical resistance, Rv < 1,0 x 108 Ω.
Warnings and additional information
- Test results and test conditions in relation to the vertical resistance test.
- The person wearing ESD protective gloves will be properly grounded, such as wearing appropriate footwear.
- Protective gloves with electrostatic dissipation must not be removed from their packaging, opened, or put on or removed, when in a flammable or explosive atmosphere or when handling flammable or explosive substances.
- The electrostatic properties of the protective gloves may be affected by aging, contamination or damage, and may not be sufficient for flammable oxygen-enriched atmospheres where additional evaluations are necessary.
EN60903:2003 – Gloves for electrical hazards
- Insulating gloves from class 00 (500V) to class 4 (36000V).
- Personal protective equipment EPI CAT III.
- AZC category (resistant to Acids, ozone and very low temperatures).
- RC category (resistant to Acids, oil, ozone and very low temperatures)..
|Maximum voltage (V)|
ENISO11611:2015 Welders clothing
- The user must adjust the garment through its closure systems, whether they are buttons, Velcro, slips or a mixture of them. You will never work with the garment unbuttoned.
- Adapted additional PPEs must be worn to ensure maximum protection (face protection, helmet, gloves, footwear, ...). Please read the instructions for use and the safety information of the additional PPEs before use.
|Type of welder clothing||Selecction criteria related to the process:||Selecction criteria related to enviromental conditions:|
|Class 1||Manual welding techniques with slight spatter and droplet formation, for example: Oxygen gas welding / TIG welding / MIG welding / Micro plasma welding / Strong welding / Spot welding / MMA welding (with rutile coated electrode)||Machine operation, for example of: Oxygen cutting machines / Plasma cutting machines / Resistance welding machines / Thermal spraying machine / Welding bench|
|Class 2||Manual welding techniques with slight spatter and droplet formation, for example: Oxygen gas welding / TIG welding / MIG welding / Micro plasma welding / Strong welding / Spot welding / MMA welding (with rutile coated electrode)||Machine operation, for example from: In confined spaces / Welding / Cutting under roof or in comparable forced positions|
Gloves for food use regulations.
There is a very extensive legislative framework that legislates materials that are in contact with food, here we are going to name some of the regulations on which the food glove regulations are based.
- EC Regulation nº1935 / 2004: legislation on materials intended to come into contact with food.
- EC Regulation No.2023 / 2006: refers to good practices in the manufacture of objects intended to come into contact with food.
- Regulation 10/2011: on plastic materials intended to come into contact with food. In which the general limitation of migration in Europe is established is 60mg/kg o 10mg/dm².
The tests are carried out with food simulants instead of the food itself because they allow us to be more precise in the results.
- For aqueous foods such as milk, syrup, eggs or honey (with a pH lower than 4.5) it is used with 10% Ethanol.
- For acidic foods such as processed vegetables or fruits, (with a pH lower than 4.5), Acetic Acid 3% is used.
- 20% Ethanol is used for alcoholic foods of less than 20% and lipophilic in nature, and if they are of higher alcohol content, and 50% Ethanol is used for water-milk fat emulsions.
- For foods with free fats on the surface, it is made with vegetable oil. Due to its concentration level, the result will be divided by a reduction factor with values from 1 to 5.
1. Fats, whole oils or food in oily medium.
2. Butter and margarine.
3. Fish, cheese, mayonnaise, nuts and cocoa beans.
5. Chocolate or cocoa powder, pastry and confectionery with a fatty coating.
- Tenax® (2,6-diphenyl-phenylene poly-oxide) is used for dry foods.