RISK CATEGORIES OF PPE (according to regulation 2016/425)
Includes the following minimal risks: superficial mechanical injury, contact with cleaning materials of weak action or prolonged contact with water, contact with hot surfaces not exceeding 50 °C, damage to the eyes due to exposure to sunlight (other than during observation of the sun), atmospheric conditions that are not of an extreme nature.
Includes risks other than those listed in Categories I and III.
Includes exclusively the risks that may cause very serious consequences such as death or irreversible damage to health relating to the following: substances and mixtures which are hazardous to health, atmospheres with oxygen deficiency, harmful biological agents, ionising radiation, high-temperature environments the effects of which are comparable to those of an air temperature of at least 100 °C, low-temperature environments the effects of which are comparable to those of an air temperature of – 50 °C or less, falling from a height, electric shock and live working, drowning, cuts by hand-held chainsaws, high-pressure jets, bullet wounds or knife stabs, harmful noise.
EN ISO 13688:2013 - GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR PROTECTIVE CLOTHING
The general requirements for protective clothing are specified in international standard EN ISO 13688:2013. This standard specifies general performance requirements for ergonomics, innocuousness, size designation, ageing, compatibility and marking of protective clothing and the information to be supplied by the manufacturer with the protective clothing Garments must be designed and manufactures to offer the user maximum comfort. The components and materials used must not damage the user or cause allergic reactions, irritation or injuries. Sizes range must have the body measurements.
EN 14404:2004+A1:2010 - PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT / Knee protectors for work in the kneeling position.
The standard specifies the requirements for knee protection during work in the kneeling position.
Type 1 - is normally applied directly on the knee.
Type 2 - separate knee protector added to work trousers with a knee protector pocket.
Protection level 0: no protection.
Protection level 1: plant with small irregularities.
Protection level 2: very uneven ground.
EN 342:2017 - GARMENTS FOR PROTECTION AGAINST COLD / Temperatures below -5ºC.
This standard specifies the requirements for garments for protection in cold placed, with a combination of humidity, wind and temperature below -5ºC. The filling and technical characteristics of the garment will ensure it is highly breathable while also being warm.
- Y (B) Icler in [m² K/W] Medium thermal insulation in a movable mannequin with sub-garments B.
- AP Class of air permeability ( Class 1 to 3).
- WP Resistance to water penetration ( optional. In case the piece of clothing has not been tested, it will be marked as X ).
EN 14058:2017 - GARMENTS FOR PROTECTION AGAINST COLD ENVIRONMENTS / -5ºC and higher.
This standard specifies requirements and test methods for the performance of garments for protection against the effects of cold environments. The protective effects and requirements of footwear, gloves and separate head wear are excluded from the scope of this standard.
- Y Class for thermal resistance.
- Y Class of air permeability.
- Y ICLER in m² K/W of the garment with the standard combination R. It is compulsory for Rct class 4. If it is compulsory for class 4, it is optional for class 1 to 3.
- WP Optional if it is tested by the producer.
- Note Y and/or WP will be replaced for an X if the garment has not been tested.
EN ISO 11611:2015 - PROTECTIVE CLOTHING - PROTECTION FOR WELDING AND ALLIED PROCESSES
This standard specifies minimum basic safety requirements and test methods for protective clothing to protect the wearer's body from sparks, spatter and drops of molten metal produced by welding and allied processes.
- CLASS 1: manual welding causing lower levels of spatter and radiant heat.
- CLASS 2: manual welding causing higher levels of spatter and radiant heat.
- A1 o A2: flame spread.
- A1 procedure A (surface ignition).
- A2 procedure B (lower edge ignition).
- A1+A2: both procedures.
In EN ISO 11611:2015 it is mandatory for all garments to at least incorporate property A1; therefore, the correct marking should be A1 or A1+A2.
EN 1149-5:2008 - PROTECTIVE CLOTHING WITH ELECTROSTATIC PROPERTIES
This standard specifies the material and construction requirements of clothing with electrostatic properties used as part of a grounding system to avoid discharges that may cause fires.
The electrostatic requirements must be verified after a number of cleaning cycles, the design of the garment will be specific and must ensure its grounding.
EN ISO 14116:2015 - MATERIAL PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS
Specifies the performance requirements for the limited flame spread properties of all materials, all material assemblies, and protective clothing in order to reduce the possibility of the clothing burning and thereby constituting a hazard.
EN ISO 11612:2015 - PROTECTIVE CLOTHING - CLOTHING TO PROTECT AGAINST HEAT AND FLAME
This standard defines the performance of clothing designed to protect the entire body from heat and flames. It defines the requirements for overalls and 2-piece suits using “ad hoc” materials and specific design requirements that guarantee a performance level to comply with the standard, governed by different heat-resistance values. The garment may be compliant even without reference values from B to W.
- A flame spread
- B convective heat (Class 1 - 3)
- C radiant heat (Class 1 - 4)
- D molten aluminium splashes (Class 1 - 3)
- E molten iron splashes (Class 1 - 3)
- F contact heat (Class 1-3)
- W water resistance
- Note: X indicates that the garment has not been tested
EN 343:2019 - PROTECTION AGAINST RAIN
This standard applies to the materials and seams of the protective clothing used to combat the influence of atmospheres characterised by the possible combination of rain, snow, fog and ground humidity. The garments are designed and produced using waterproof and breathable materials, paying close attention to seams, in order to guarantee maximum comfort.
- A garment permeability level (class 1 to 3). (From least water resistant to most water resistant). Table 1.
- B breathability class of the garment (class 1 to 3). (From least breathable to most breathable). Table 2.
- R rain tower test to the garment, it is optional.
Water penetration resistance (Wp) in Pascal (Pa): measures the garment’s water resistance. When subjected to the test according to point 5.1 of standard EN343, the resistance to water penetration in the outer layer of the material must abide by the following prospectus (divided into three classes, from 1 to 3, from the least water resistant to the most water resistant):
|Table 1. Water resistance WP||Class 1||Class 2||Class 3||Class 4|
|Before prior treatment||Wp≥8000Pa||X||X||X|
|Before prior treatment, seams||x||Wp≥8000Pa||Wp≥13000Pa||Wp≥20000Pa|
|Seams before pretreatment||Wp≥8000Pa||Wp≥8000Pa||Wp≥13000Pa||X|
|Seams after pretreatment by washing||X||X||X||Wp≥20000Pa|
Resistance to water vapour (Ret) in Pascal (Pa): measures the garment’s breathability. When subjected to the test according to point 5.2 of standard EN343, the resistance to water vapour in all layers of the material must abide by the following prospectus (divided into three classes, from 1 to 3, from the least breathable to the most breathable):
|Table 2. Resistance to water vapour. Ret||Class 1||Class 2||Class 3||Class 4|
|Resistance to water vapour (M PA/W)||40 < R||25 < R ≤ 40
||15 < R ≤ 25
||R ≤ 15|
* Class 1 has a limited use time.
EN ISO 20471:2013+A1:2016 - HIGH VISIBILITY CLOTHING / Test methods and requirements.
X: The number next to the pictogram indicates the type of clothing according to table 1 (class 1 e 3).
This International Standard specifies requirements for high visibility clothing which is capable of visually signalling the user's presence. The high visibility clothing is intended to provide conspicuity of the wearer in daylight conditions and under illumination of headlights in the dark. Each high visibility garment is certified according to the table below, based on the minimum areas of fluorescent material that allows for improved visibility during the day and a band for reflecting artificial light (headlights), allowing for greater visibility at night.
Table 1. Minimum surface area of visible material m².
|MINIMUM AREA OF VISIBLE MATERIAL||Type 3 class||Type 2 class||Type 1 class|
|Background material||0,80 m²||0,50 m²||0,14 m²|
|Reflective material||0,20 m²||0,13 m²||0,10 m²|
|Combined material||-||-||0,20 m²|
EN ISO 14325:2018 - RESISTANCE TO PENETRATION OF CHEMICALS
Test methods and performance classification of chemical protective clothing materials, seams, joins and assemblages. It allows for materials to be classified according to certain characteristics in the following paragraphs:
- 4.4 Resistance to abrasion.
- 4.7 Resistance to trapezoidal tearing.
- 4.9 Resistance to traction.
- 4.10 Resistance to perforation.
* We highlight these points because the DELTA apron was only tested for these points..
EN ISO 13982-1:2004+A1:2010 - PROTECTIVE CLOTHING FOR USE AGAINST SOLID PARTICULATES
The standard specifies the minimum requirements for chemical protective clothing resistant to penetration by airborne solid particles (Type 5).
EN 14126:2003+AC:2004 - PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS AND TEST METHODS FOR PROTECTIVE CLOTHING AGAINST INFECTIVE AGENTS
Clothing that protects the body in places where the risk assessment has identified the presence and possibility of skin contact with hazardous infective agents such as viruses, bacteria or fungi.
EN 1073-2:2002 - POTECTIVE CLOTHING AGAINST RADIOACTIVE CONTAMINATION
The standard specifies the requirements and test methods for non-ventilated protective clothing against radioactive contamination. It identifies the nominal protection factor (100TIL A), where TIL A is the total loss of content to the inside; that is, the ratio, expressed as a percentage, between the concentration of particles inside the garment to the outside of the test room. Based on this value, the suit will be classified according to the table.
|Class||Average value of the loss of content to the outside in the garment in 3 positions throughout the activity (TIL A)||Nominal protection factor 100/TIL A|
UNE EN ISO 13998:2004 - APRONS, TROUSERS AND VESTS PROTECTING AGAINST CUTS AND STABS BY HAND KNIVES
The standard specifies the minimum requirements for protective clothing to be worn when using hand knives. Used in tasks where a sharp knife moves towards the user's body.
Level 1: they provide some protection for light work where there are no strong cutting movements towards the body. (Pictogram a).
Level 2: they are suitable for use at slaughterhouses and de-boning operations and in processing industries where knives are aimed at the body. Also includes wide blade knives in cutting operations where the tip of the knife may be aimed at the user’s body. (Pictogram b).
EN 14605:2005+A1: 2009 - PROTECTIVE CLOTHING AGAINST LIQUID CHEMICALS
Reglamentation defines requirements for garments against chemical liquid products projected in form of stream ( Type 3 ) or spary form ( Type 4 ). This standard considers the possibility that the operator, especially in emergency cases, might come into contact with large quantities of the contaminating element for an extended period of time (permeability test).
EN 13034:2005+A1:2009 - PROTECTIVE CLOTHING AGAINST LIQUID CHEMICALS
This document specifies the minimum safety requirements for protective clothing to guarantee limited protection against liquid chemicals. A1: Resistance to permeation.