Glove PPE standard
In this section, we will explain the standards that help you find the right glove to suit your needs.
- EN12477:2001+A1:2005 - Type A - Type B
Introduction to the new regulations
The EU 2016/425 regulation has recently been published. It was approved by the European Parliament, replacing Directive 89/686/CEE, and will maintain the general goal of guaranteeing health and safety for anyone using personal protective equipment.
1. Field of application.
3. 3. Basic health and safety requirements (minimums).
4. Compliance assessment procedure.
5. Documentation requirements.
Implementing R (EU) 2016/425
• It comes into force on 17 April 2016 except for articles that affect NBs and Committee and Penalties.
• Up to 21/04/2018, PPE can only be marketed according to Directive 89/686/CEE
• It will be applicable from 21/04/2018.
• PPE that meets Directive 89/686/CEE and that are put on the market before 21/04/2019 will be accepted.
• Standard CE certificates that have not expired will be valid until 21/04/2023.
Risk categories for PPEs (according to new 2016/425 ruling)
Includes the following minimum risks (superficial mechanical injuries, contact with weakly acting cleaning materials, or extensive contact with water, contact with hot surfaces not exceeding 50ºC., eye injuries caused by sunlight, non extreme atmospheric conditions.
Includes risks other than any listed in CAT I and III.
Exclusively includes risks that might incur very serious consequences such as death or irreversible damage to health, in relation to the following: health-hazard substances and mixtures, oxygen-poor atmospheres, harmful bacterial agents, ionising radiation, high temperature environments with effects comparable to air temperature of at least 100ºC, low temperature atmospheres with effects comparable to air temperature of -50ºC or less, falling from heights, electric shocks, and working on live installations, drowning, cuts caused by hand-operated chain saws, high pressure jets, gun or knife injuries, damaging noise.
EN420:2003+A1:2009 Protective gloves. General Requirements
- Glove design and construction (sizes, dexterity…)
- Watertightness test – optional
- Protective glove safety
- PH should be higher than 3.5 and lower than 9.5
- Chrome should not exceed 3 ppm
- Contained in free proteins
- Electrostatic properties - optional
EN388:2003 – Mechanical risks
Circular test samples of the test material are submitted to abrasion on a known load, as two movements at a right angle produce as cyclical flat movement. Resistance to abrasion is measured by the number of cycles required to puncture the glove. If the glove is made up of different layers, tests will be performed on each layer, and classified according to the sum of the cycles required to puncture each one.
The Oakey Glass Quality Cabinet Paper Grade F2- GRIT 100 sanding paper, used to date, is no longer available.
We are currently using KINGSPOR PL31B – GRIT 180 sanding paper that is recommended by the technical committee CEN/TC248 WG8 and the Personal Protective Equipment Notified Organisations vertical group.
See the difference:
Oakey Glass – GRIT 100 Kingspor PL31B – GRIT 180
This new sanding paper is more aggressive and it does not perform as well on some materials in terms of abrasion compared to results from the previous material.
Test and control samples, prepared and used according to the rules, will be slashed by a standardised circular blade, fitted with alternate movement, in the sequence set for the test, until a cut is made. The mass applied to the blade provides a force of 5N. The test sequence will apply it five times, noting the blade-cutting resistance index, classified in compliance with the minimum value, obtaining at least 10 indices to put in the test report.
The test method in force is not reliable for cut resistant materials that blunt the blade cutting edge.
This is defined as the force required to tear a precut test sample according to the EN388 standard.
The tests will be performed on samples that are taken from four different gloves in the same series. In the case of multi-layer samples, the test will be performed on each layer separately and the classification will be based on the highest value obtained.
The tearing resistance of each sample is taken as the highest peak registered and the classification is made using the lowest of the four values.
The sample is cut and prepared as set in the EN388 standards, and mounted on a device that holds it centred on the axis of a low inertia compression machine, capable of applying and measuring forces between 0 and 500N. A standardised spike is fitted, centred on the machine axis, that moves towards the test samples with a speed of 100 mm/min up to a distance of 50 mm. The greatest force value applied until the material is punctured will be recorded.
It will be classified according to the lowest recorded value out of four samples in the same series.
New levels according to prEN 388:2016
For materials with high cut resistance that blunt the blade, if after the first sequence in the number of cycles Cn+1 is greater than three times Cn in one of the tested samples, the cut resistance test method will be performed according to the EN13997 standard.
|EN ISO 13997||Level A||Level B||Level C||Level D||Level E||Level F|
according to EN 13594:2015 with an impact energy of 5J. The average peak of transmitted force should not exceed 4kN for an individual result and the average transmitted force will be no greater than 7kN. In addition, no area of the glove should be cracked or fissured to produce sharp edges, and the leather chamois between the sample and the anvil should not be torn or punctured.
New marking requirements
|a) Resistance to abrasion (cycles)||100||500||2000||8000||-|
|b) Cutting Resistance by Blade (Index)||1.2||2.5||5.0||10.0||20.0|
|c) Tear strength (Newtons)||10||25||50||75||-|
|d) Puncture resistance (Newtons)||20||60||100||150||-|
|e) Vertical cut resistance||2||5||10||15||22||30|
|f) Protection against impact||PASSED OR FAILED|
- Note: Passed or failed
- 0 - indicates that the glove does not meet the minimum performance level for the given individual risk.
- X - indicates that the glove has not taken the test or the test method does not seem to be appropriate for the glove design or material.
EN 374:2003 Chemical risks
The gloves should not leak when tested. Gloves from a single batch should be sampled and inspected in accordance with the ISO 2859 standard. Acceptable AQL inspection and quality levels should match the data in the table:
|Passing level||Acceptable quality level||Inspection levels|
The first test to be performed consists of checking for air leaks, so the glove is immersed in water and the air inside it is put under a certain pressure. A current of air bubbles on the glove surface would indicate a leak.
Protective glove material resistance to permeation, for a solid or liquid chemical product, is determined by measuring the breakthrough time for a chemical product to pass through the glove material.
|Average breakthrough time||Protection index|
|> 10 minutes||Class 1|
|> 30 minutes||Class 2|
|> 60 minutes||Class 3|
|> 120 minutes||Class 4|
|> 240 minutes||Class 5|
|> 360 minutes||Class 6|
Changes according to prEN374-1:2016
One of the main new issues introduced by this project is the introduction of requirements to assess the breakdown of the glove when in contact with chemical compounds.
- Resistance to at least 6 chemical compounds.
- Resistance to at least 3 chemical compounds.
- Resistance to at least 1 chemical compound.
- It is no longer compulsory to test and provide information on mechanical resistance requirements.
- The pictogram used for all types of gloves is unified and the "Chemically protected" pictogram is no longer used.
- The AQL parameter was related to the glove's suitability for its use against micro-organisms. As it is excluded from prEN374-1,2016, this parameter no longer has to be provided.
List of chemical test substances
|CODE LETTER||Chemical substance||CAS number||CLASS|
|E||Carbon disulfide||75-15-0||Sulphate organic compound|
|K||Sodium Hydroxide 40%||1310-73-2||Inorganic alkaline|
|L||Sulphuric acid 96%||7664-93-9||Inorganic, oxidising mineral acid|
|M (new)||Nitric acid 65%||7697-37-2||Inorganic, oxidising mineral acid|
|N (new)||Acetic acid 99%||64-19-7||Organic acid|
|O (new)||Ammonia Hydroxide 25%||1332-21-6||Organic Alkaline|
|P (new)||Hydrogen peroxide 30%||7722-84-1||Peroxide|
|Q (new)||Hydrofluoric acid 40%||7664-39-3||Mineral organic acid|
|R (new)||Formaldehyde 37%||50-00-0||Aldehyde|
According to prEN374-5:2016
- prEN374-5:2016 will be a newly created standard fully dedicated to protection against micro-organisms.
- Gloves that also protect against viruses should reflect this in their marking using the word VIRUS under the corresponding pictogram.
- If it has not been tested against viruses, the following warning will be added: not tested against viruses
EN407:2004 Thermal Risks
The material should comply with the requirements in the table. In addition, the material should not drip or melt. The seams should not open up after 15 seconds ignition time.
|Service provision level||Post-inflammation time||Post-incandescence time|
|1||≤ 20||No requirement|
|2||≤ 10||≤ 120|
|3||≤ 3||≤ 25|
|4||≤ 2||≤ 5|
Heat per contact:
The material should comply with:
|Service provision level||Contact temperature||Threshold time (s)|
The material should comply with:
|Service provision level||HTI heat transfer index|
The material should comply with:
|Service provision level||Heat transfer index t3|
The number of droplets necessary to produce a 40ºC rise in temperature should meet requirements in the table:
|Service provision level||Number of droplets|
The PVC film that simulates the skin will not be smoothed or its surface roughness changed in any other way, with any of the quantities of iron used.
|Service provision level||Molten iron (g)|
EN381-7:1999 Chainsaw risks
Gloves for both hands should meet requirements given below:
|Test - Service provision level according to EN388 standard|
|Abrasion strength- 2 (taking only the outer layer of the glove)|
|Cutting strength - 1|
|Tearing strength - 2|
|Puncturing strength - 2|
Protection against cutting from chainsaws should be assessed with the following chain speeds:
|Class 0||16 m/s|
|Class 1||20 m/s|
|Class 2||24 m/s|
|Class 3||28 m/s|
EN511:2006 Protection against the cold
The ITR factor (Total thermal insulation) refers to the resistance to loss of dry heat from the hand fitted with a glove, meaning the energy consumed to keep the hand at a temperature of 30 to 35ºC when outside the glove, this temperature is at least 20ºC indoors
|Service provision level||Thermal insulation ITR (M2ºC/W)|
|1||0,10 ≤ ITR ≤ 0,15|
|2||0,15 ≤ ITR ≤ 0,22|
|3||0,22 ≤ ITR ≤ 0,30|
|4||0,30 ≤ ITR|
The thermal resistance of the materials should comply with:
|Service provision level||Thermal resistance (M2ºC/W)|
|1||0,025 ≤ R < 0,050|
|2||0,050 ≤ R < 0,100|
|3||0,100 ≤ R < 0,150|
|4||0,150 ≤ R|
water will appear 30 minutes after the test starts. If it passes this test, it will be level 1; if not, then it is level 0. There is no other option.
EN659:2003˖A:2009 Protection for fire-fighters
This standard defines the minimum service requirements and the test methods for protective gloves for firefighters. It only applies to firefighter gloves that protect hands during fire fighting operations, including search and rescue.
The minimum length of fire-fighter gloves should be:
|Minimum length of the glove (mm)||260||270||280||290||305||315|
The gloves should be compatible with protective clothing sleeves.
Minimum service provision level 2 should be obtained - (500 cycles)
Minimum service provision level 2 should be obtained - (2.5 index)
Minimum service provision level 2 should be obtained - (25 N)
Minimum service provision level 2 should be obtained - (60 N)
Reaction to flames
Minimum service provision level 4 should be obtained (post-combustion time ≤ 2 s and a post-incandescence time of ≤ 5 s). If the material melts, it should not form droplets. The stitching in the area where the flame is applied should not open up after 15 seconds of exposure.
For each material or set of materials, minimum service provision level 3 should be obtained (HTI≥10)
This should obtain a time T2 of 15 seconds, as a minimum.
With a contact temperature of 250ºC, the arithmetic mean of the three values for time t1 is calculated and rounded off to the nearest whole second. A time T1 of 10 should be obtained for a minimum classification of s, as a minimum.
Lining material heat resistance
The lining material closest to the skin should neither melt nor drip.
Minimum service provision level 1 should be obtained.
Gloves tested according to Ruling 10/2011 for food.
|REF||Composition||Certificate||Substances||Suitable for food|
|520||Powdered natural latex disposable glove||2014TM0171||A & D1||Aqueous, alcoholic and dairy with pH over 4.5|
|530||Natural latex disposable glove, no powder||2014TM0382||A & D1||Aqueous, alcoholic and dairy with pH over 4.5|
|530B||Blue latex disposable glove, no powder||2014TM0172||A & D1||Aqueous, alcoholic and dairy with pH over 4.5|
|532B||Blue latex disposable glove, no powder||2014TM0173||A & D1||Aqueous, alcoholic and dairy with pH over 4.5|
|540||Powdered natural vinyl disposable glove||2014TM0178||B & C||Aqueous, alcoholic up to 20%|
|550||Natural vinyl disposable glove, no powder||2014TM0179||B & D1||Aqueous, alcoholic and dairy|
|560||Powdered blue nitrile disposable glove||2014TM0180||C & D2||Aqueous, alcoholic with pH over 4.5|
|560E||Economic blue nitrile disposable glove||2014TM0383||C & D2||Aqueous, alcoholic with pH over 4.5|
|561||Powdered blue nitrile disposable glove||2014TM0174||D1 & D2||Aqueous, alcoholic and dairy with pH over 4.5|
|570||Blue nitrile disposable glove, no powder||2014TM0181||B, D1 & D2||For all food|
|570E||Economic blue nitrile disposable glove||2014TM0384||B, D1 & D2||For all food|
|571||Blue nitrile disposable glove, no powder||2014TM0182||A, B & D2||For all food|
|572B||Nitrile disposable glove, no powder||2014TM0177||C & D2||Aqueous, alcoholic with pH over 4.5|
|580OR||Nitrile disposable glove||2015TM0459||D1 & D2||Aqueous, alcoholic, dairy and fatty food with reduction factor (X/3 or greater) with pH over 4.5|
|580NR||Nitrile disposable glove||2015TM0460||D1 & D2||Aqueous, alcoholic, dairy and fatty food with pH over 4.5|
|304674||Nitrile disposable glove|
|PB509||Powdered blue latex disposable glove||2014TM0176||D1||Aqueous, alcoholic and dairy|
|PP2328||Powdered natural latex disposable glove||2014TM0175||C||Aqueous, alcoholic with pH over 4.5|
|Ref||Composition||Certificate||Substances||Suitable for food|
|611 B||Satin latex glove, no support||2014TM0324||B, D1 & E||Aqueous, acid, alcoholic, dairy and dry|
|611 N||Satin latex glove, no support||2014TM0323||D1 & E||Aqueous, alcoholic, dairy and dry|
|621B/38||Natural latex glove, no support||2014TM0321||B, D1 & E||Aqueous, acid, alcoholic, dairy and dry|
|621/38||Natural latex glove, no support||2014TM0320||D1 & E||Aqueous, alcoholic, dairy and dry|
|621 Y||Natural latex glove, no support||2014TM0322||B, D1 & E||Aqueous, acid, alcoholic, dairy and dry|
|811||Satin nitrile glove, no support||2014TM0328||B, D1 & D2||For all food|
|811C/38||Satin nitrile glove, no support||2014TM0327||B, D1 & D2||For all food|
|811C/55||Satin nitrile glove, no support||2014TM0326||B, D1 & D2||For all food|
|821||Flocked nitrile glove, no support||2014TM0325||B, D1 & D2||For all food|
|REF||Composition||Certificate||Substances||Suitable for food|
|308||Thick leather mitt with rings||2014TM0526||E|
|413 POL||Polyamide glove, no cuff||2014TM0262||A, B & D2||For all food|
|3935 - 3945||Neoprene glove, foam cotton support||2015TM0191||D1||Aqueous, alcoholic and dairy|
|4400 - 4410||Dyneema fibre glove mixed with fibre glass||2015TM0718||B & D1||For all food|
|4408||Dyneema fibre glove, polyurethane coating||2015TM0382||B & D1||For all food|
|4425||Dyneema fibre glove, double nitrile coating||2015TM0196||B & D1||Aqueous, acid, alcoholic and dairy|
|4438||Dyneema fibre sleeve mixed with fibre glass||2014TM0513||D1 & D2||Aqueous, alcoholic, dairy and fatty food with reduction factor (X/3 or greater)|
|4530-5735||FOOD CERTIFICATE NOT UPDATED OK JP 06.03.2015|
|5000 B||Seamless Thermstat thermal fibre glove||2014TM0031||A, B & D2||For all food|
|5010 - 5013 BL||Dyneema fibre glove, gauge 10||2014TM0334||B, D1 & D2||Aqueous, alcoholic, dairy and fatty food with reduction factor (X/2 or greater)|
|5010 - 5013 GY||Dyneema fibre glove, gauge 10||2014TM0345||B, D1 & D2||Aqueous, alcoholic, dairy and fatty food with reduction factor (X/3 or greater)|
|5115||Foam nitrile glove with nylon lining||2015TM0720||D1 & D2||Aqueous, alcoholic, dairy and fatty food with reduction factor (X/2 or greater) with a pH over 4.5|
|5130W - 5130HCW||Synthetic fibre seamless glove||2015TM0658||B & D1||Aqueous, acid, alcoholic and dairy|
|5135||Blue foam nitrile glove||2014TM0397||D1||Aqueous, alcoholic and dairy with pH over 4.5|
|5160 - 5160HC||Seamless nylon glove with nitrile coating||2014TM0417||B, D1 & D2||For all food|
|5160 PPU||2014TM0579||B, D1 & D2||Aqueous, alcoholic, dairy and fatty food with reduction factor (X/4 or greater)|
|5160 W||Seamless nylon glove with nitrile coating||2015TM0198||B & D1||Aqueous, acid, alcoholic and dairy|
|5830||Natural latex glove on cotton support||2015TM0190||C||Aqueous and alcoholic with pH over 4.5|
|AC5,440||Seamless nylon glove with nitrile coating||2015TM0719||D1 & D2||For all food with pH over 4.5|
|DCRNM1||Dyneema fibre glove, gauge 10||2014TM0514||B & D1||Aqueous, acid, alcoholic and dairy|
|DCRNM7||Dyneema fibre glove, gauge 7||2014TM0520||B & D1||Aqueous, acid, alcoholic and dairy|
|DY008SP||Dyneema fibre glove, polyurethane coating||2015TM0717||B & D1||Aqueous, acid, alcoholic and dairy|
|DY012BL||Dyneema fibre glove with coating||2014TM0351||D1 & E||Aqueous, alcoholic, dairy and dry with a pH over 4.5|
|G16800||Glove with rough latex coating||2015TM0341||E||For dry food|
|GB16800||Glove with rough latex coating||2015TM0340||E||For dry food|
|NI00 - NI10||Synthetic fibre seamless glove||2015TM0067||B & D1||Aqueous, acid, alcoholic and dairy|
|NT30||Dyneema fibre glove, nitrile coating||2015TM0197||B & D1||Aqueous, acid, alcoholic and dairy|
|NX00-NX10||FOOD CERTIFICATE NOT UPDATED OK JP 21.03.2015|