Glove PPE standard

In this section, we will explain the standards that help you find the right glove to suit your needs.

Logos

  • EN420:2003+A1:2009EN420:2003+A1:2009
  • EN374-1-2-3:2003EN374-1-2-3:2003EN374-1-2-3:2003EN374-1-2-3:2003
  • EN381-7:1999EN381-7:1999
  • EN388:2003EN388:2003
  • EN407:2004EN407:2004
  • EN421:2010EN421:2010
  • EN511:2006EN511:2006
  • EN659:2003+A1:2009EN659:2003+A1:2009
  • EN12477:2001+A1:2005 - Type A - Type B
  • EN16350:2014 EN16350:2014

Introduction to the new regulations

The EU 2016/425 regulation has recently been published. It was approved by the European Parliament, replacing Directive 89/686/CEE, and will maintain the general goal of guaranteeing health and safety for anyone using personal protective equipment.

Main changes:

1. Field of application.
2.Risk categorisation.
3. 3. Basic health and safety requirements (minimums).
4. Compliance assessment procedure.
5. Documentation requirements.

Implementing R (EU) 2016/425

• It comes into force on 17 April 2016 except for articles that affect NBs and Committee and Penalties.
• Up to 21/04/2018, PPE can only be marketed according to Directive 89/686/CEE
• It will be applicable from 21/04/2018.
• PPE that meets Directive 89/686/CEE and that are put on the market before 21/04/2019 will be accepted.
• Standard CE certificates that have not expired will be valid until 21/04/2023.

Risk categories for PPEs (according to new 2016/425 ruling)

CAT I

Includes the following minimum risks (superficial mechanical injuries, contact with weakly acting cleaning materials, or extensive contact with water, contact with hot surfaces not exceeding 50ºC., eye injuries caused by sunlight, non extreme atmospheric conditions.

CAT II

Includes risks other than any listed in CAT I and III.

CAT III

Exclusively includes risks that might incur very serious consequences such as death or irreversible damage to health, in relation to the following: health-hazard substances and mixtures, oxygen-poor atmospheres, harmful bacterial agents, ionising radiation, high temperature environments with effects comparable to air temperature of at least 100ºC, low temperature atmospheres with effects comparable to air temperature of -50ºC or less, falling from heights, electric shocks, and working on live installations, drowning, cuts caused by hand-operated chain saws, high pressure jets, gun or knife injuries, damaging noise.

EN420:2003+A1:2009 Protective gloves. General Requirements

The UNE-EN420 is a reference standard to be used with the relative or applicable specific standards for protective gloves. This standard defines requirements concerning ergonomics, glove construction, high visibility, harmlessness, cleaning, comfort and efficacy, marking and applicable information for all protective gloves except for gloves for electrical and surgical work

  • Glove design and construction (sizes, dexterity…)
  • Watertightness test – optional
  • Protective glove safety
  • PH should be higher than 3.5 and lower than 9.5
  • Chrome should not exceed 3 ppm
  • Contained in free proteins
  • Electrostatic properties - optional

EN388:2003 – Mechanical risks

This standard is applied to all types of protective gloves intended to protect against mechanical and physical hazards caused by abrasion, knife cuts, perforation, ripping and impact cuts (this does not apply to anti-vibration gloves).

Abrasion

Circular test samples of the test material are submitted to abrasion on a known load, as two movements at a right angle produce as cyclical flat movement. Resistance to abrasion is measured by the number of cycles required to puncture the glove. If the glove is made up of different layers, tests will be performed on each layer, and classified according to the sum of the cycles required to puncture each one.

The Oakey Glass Quality Cabinet Paper Grade F2- GRIT 100 sanding paper, used to date, is no longer available.

We are currently using KINGSPOR PL31B – GRIT 180 sanding paper that is recommended by the technical committee CEN/TC248 WG8 and the Personal Protective Equipment Notified Organisations vertical group.

See the difference:

Oakey Glass – GRIT 100 Kingspor PL31B – GRIT 180

Oakey GlassKingsporEquipo

This new sanding paper is more aggressive and it does not perform as well on some materials in terms of abrasion compared to results from the previous material.

Blade cutting

Test and control samples, prepared and used according to the rules, will be slashed by a standardised circular blade, fitted with alternate movement, in the sequence set for the test, until a cut is made. The mass applied to the blade provides a force of 5N. The test sequence will apply it five times, noting the blade-cutting resistance index, classified in compliance with the minimum value, obtaining at least 10 indices to put in the test report.

The test method in force is not reliable for cut resistant materials that blunt the blade cutting edge.

Blade cuttingBlade cutting

Tear resistance

This is defined as the force required to tear a precut test sample according to the EN388 standard.

The tests will be performed on samples that are taken from four different gloves in the same series. In the case of multi-layer samples, the test will be performed on each layer separately and the classification will be based on the highest value obtained.

The tearing resistance of each sample is taken as the highest peak registered and the classification is made using the lowest of the four values.

Tear resistance

Puncture resistance

The sample is cut and prepared as set in the EN388 standards, and mounted on a device that holds it centred on the axis of a low inertia compression machine, capable of applying and measuring forces between 0 and 500N. A standardised spike is fitted, centred on the machine axis, that moves towards the test samples with a speed of 100 mm/min up to a distance of 50 mm. The greatest force value applied until the material is punctured will be recorded.

It will be classified according to the lowest recorded value out of four samples in the same series.

Puncture resistance

New levels according to prEN 388:2016

The new EN388 standard includes two new tests to obtain the cut-resistance, explained below:

Vertical cutting

Vertical cutting

For materials with high cut resistance that blunt the blade, if after the first sequence in the number of cycles Cn+1 is greater than three times Cn in one of the tested samples, the cut resistance test method will be performed according to the EN13997 standard.

EN ISO 13997 Level A Level B Level C Level D Level E Level F
Cut-resistance (N) 2 5 10 15 22 30

Counter impact

according to EN 13594:2015 with an impact energy of 5J. The average peak of transmitted force should not exceed 4kN for an individual result and the average transmitted force will be no greater than 7kN. In addition, no area of the glove should be cracked or fissured to produce sharp edges, and the leather chamois between the sample and the anvil should not be torn or punctured.

New marking requirements
EN388:2016

Performance levels 1 2 3 4 5
a) Resistance to abrasion (cycles) 100 500 2000 8000 -
b) Cutting Resistance by Blade (Index) 1.2 2.5 5.0 10.0 20.0
c) Tear strength (Newtons) 10 25 50 75 -
d) Puncture resistance (Newtons) 20 60 100 150 -
Performance levels A B C D E F
e) Vertical cut resistance 2 5 10 15 22 30
f) Protection against impact PASSED OR FAILED
  • Note: Passed or failed
  • 0 - indicates that the glove does not meet the minimum performance level for the given individual risk.
  • X - indicates that the glove has not taken the test or the test method does not seem to be appropriate for the glove design or material.

EN 374:2003 Chemical risks

The EN374 standard sets requirements for gloves intended to protect users from chemical products and micro-organisms. There are two types of tests, penetration and permeability, explained below.

Penetration:

The gloves should not leak when tested. Gloves from a single batch should be sampled and inspected in accordance with the ISO 2859 standard. Acceptable AQL inspection and quality levels should match the data in the table:

Passing level Acceptable quality level Inspection levels
Level 3 0,65 G1
Level 2 1,5 G1
Level 1 4 S4

The first test to be performed consists of checking for air leaks, so the glove is immersed in water and the air inside it is put under a certain pressure. A current of air bubbles on the glove surface would indicate a leak.

Permeation:

Protective glove material resistance to permeation, for a solid or liquid chemical product, is determined by measuring the breakthrough time for a chemical product to pass through the glove material.

Average breakthrough time Protection index
> 10 minutes Class 1
> 30 minutes Class 2
> 60 minutes Class 3
> 120 minutes Class 4
> 240 minutes Class 5
> 360 minutes Class 6

Changes according to prEN374-1:2016

  • One of the main new issues introduced by this project is the introduction of requirements to assess the breakdown of the glove when in contact with chemical compounds.

    • Resistance to at least 6 chemical compounds.
    • Resistance to at least 3 chemical compounds.
    • Resistance to at least 1 chemical compound.
  • It is no longer compulsory to test and provide information on mechanical resistance requirements.
  • The pictogram used for all types of gloves is unified and the "Chemically protected" pictogram is no longer used.
  • The AQL parameter was related to the glove's suitability for its use against micro-organisms. As it is excluded from prEN374-1,2016, this parameter no longer has to be provided.

List of chemical test substances

CODE LETTER Chemical substance CAS number CLASS
A Methanol 67-56-1 Primary Alcohol
B Acetone 67-64-1 Cetone
C Acetonitrile 75-05-8 Nitrile compound
D Dicloromethane 75-09-2 Chlorine hydrocarbon
E Carbon disulfide 75-15-0 Sulphate organic compound
F Tolueno 108-88-33 Aromatic hydrocarbon
G Diethylamine 109-89-7 Amine
H Tetrahidrofuran 109-99-9 Heterocyclic ether
I Ethyl acetate 141-78-6 Ester
J n-heptane 142-82-5 Saturated hydrocarbon
K Sodium Hydroxide 40% 1310-73-2 Inorganic alkaline
L Sulphuric acid 96% 7664-93-9 Inorganic, oxidising mineral acid
M (new) Nitric acid 65% 7697-37-2 Inorganic, oxidising mineral acid
N (new) Acetic acid 99% 64-19-7 Organic acid
O (new) Ammonia Hydroxide 25% 1332-21-6 Organic Alkaline
P (new) Hydrogen peroxide 30% 7722-84-1 Peroxide
Q (new) Hydrofluoric acid 40% 7664-39-3 Mineral organic acid
R (new) Formaldehyde 37% 50-00-0 Aldehyde

According to prEN374-5:2016

  • prEN374-5:2016 will be a newly created standard fully dedicated to protection against micro-organisms.
  • Gloves that also protect against viruses should reflect this in their marking using the word VIRUS under the corresponding pictogram.
  • If it has not been tested against viruses, the following warning will be added: not tested against viruses

EN407:2004 Thermal Risks

This standard specifies test methods, general requirements, thermal protection levels and marking for gloves that protect against heat and/or fire. It has to be used for all gloves that protect against heat and/or flames, fire, contact heat, convective heat, radiating heat, small splashes or large splashes of molten metal.

Flame behaviour:

The material should comply with the requirements in the table. In addition, the material should not drip or melt. The seams should not open up after 15 seconds ignition time.

Service provision level Post-inflammation time Post-incandescence time
1 ≤ 20 No requirement
2 ≤ 10 ≤ 120
3 ≤ 3 ≤ 25
4 ≤ 2 ≤ 5

Heat per contact:

The material should comply with:

Service provision level Contact temperature Threshold time (s)
1 100 ≥ 15
2 250 ≥ 15
3 350 ≥ 15
4 500 ≥ 15

Convective heat:

The material should comply with:

Service provision level HTI heat transfer index
1 ≥ 4
2 ≥ 7
3 ≥ 10
4 ≥ 18

Radiating heat:

The material should comply with:

Service provision level Heat transfer index t3
1 ≥ 5
2 ≥ 30
3 ≥ 90
4 ≥ 150

Small splashes:

The number of droplets necessary to produce a 40ºC rise in temperature should meet requirements in the table:

Service provision level Number of droplets
1 ≥ 5
2 ≥ 15
3 ≥ 25
4 ≥ 35

Large splashes:

The PVC film that simulates the skin will not be smoothed or its surface roughness changed in any other way, with any of the quantities of iron used.

Service provision level Molten iron (g)
1 30
2 60
3 120
4 200

EN381-7:1999 Chainsaw risks

Gloves for both hands should meet requirements given below:

Test - Service provision level according to EN388 standard
Abrasion strength- 2 (taking only the outer layer of the glove)
Cutting strength - 1
Tearing strength - 2
Puncturing strength - 2

Protection against cutting from chainsaws should be assessed with the following chain speeds:

Class m/s
Class 0 16 m/s
Class 1 20 m/s
Class 2 24 m/s
Class 3 28 m/s

EN511:2006 Protection against the cold

This standard defines the requirements and test methods for gloves that protect against convective or conductive cold down to a temperature of -50ºC. This type of gloves should meet at least level 1 resistance to abrasion and ripping resistance according to the EN388 standard.

Convective cold

The ITR factor (Total thermal insulation) refers to the resistance to loss of dry heat from the hand fitted with a glove, meaning the energy consumed to keep the hand at a temperature of 30 to 35ºC when outside the glove, this temperature is at least 20ºC indoors

Service provision level Thermal insulation ITR (M2ºC/W)
1 0,10 ≤ ITR ≤ 0,15
2 0,15 ≤ ITR ≤ 0,22
3 0,22 ≤ ITR ≤ 0,30
4 0,30 ≤ ITR

Contact cold

The thermal resistance of the materials should comply with:

Service provision level Thermal resistance (M2ºC/W)
1 0,025 ≤ R < 0,050
2 0,050 ≤ R < 0,100
3 0,100 ≤ R < 0,150
4 0,150 ≤ R

Water impermeability

water will appear 30 minutes after the test starts. If it passes this test, it will be level 1; if not, then it is level 0. There is no other option.

EN659:2003˖A:2009 Protection for fire-fighters

This standard defines the minimum service requirements and the test methods for protective gloves for firefighters. It only applies to firefighter gloves that protect hands during fire fighting operations, including search and rescue.

The minimum length of fire-fighter gloves should be:

Hand size 6 7 8 9 10 11
Minimum length of the glove (mm) 260 270 280 290 305 315

The gloves should be compatible with protective clothing sleeves.

Abrasion

Minimum service provision level 2 should be obtained - (500 cycles)

Blade cutting

Minimum service provision level 2 should be obtained - (2.5 index)

Tearing

Minimum service provision level 2 should be obtained - (25 N)

Puncturing

Minimum service provision level 2 should be obtained - (60 N)

Reaction to flames

Minimum service provision level 4 should be obtained (post-combustion time ≤ 2 s and a post-incandescence time of ≤ 5 s). If the material melts, it should not form droplets. The stitching in the area where the flame is applied should not open up after 15 seconds of exposure.

Convective heat

For each material or set of materials, minimum service provision level 3 should be obtained (HTI≥10)

Radiant heat

This should obtain a time T2 of 15 seconds, as a minimum.

Contact heat

With a contact temperature of 250ºC, the arithmetic mean of the three values for time t1 is calculated and rounded off to the nearest whole second. A time T1 of 10 should be obtained for a minimum classification of s, as a minimum.

Lining material heat resistance

The lining material closest to the skin should neither melt nor drip.

Dexterity

Minimum service provision level 1 should be obtained.

Gloves tested according to Ruling 10/2011 for food.

Disposable

REF Composition Certificate Substances Suitable for food
520 Powdered natural latex disposable glove 2014TM0171 A & D1 Aqueous, alcoholic and dairy with pH over 4.5
530 Natural latex disposable glove, no powder 2014TM0382 A & D1 Aqueous, alcoholic and dairy with pH over 4.5
530B Blue latex disposable glove, no powder 2014TM0172 A & D1 Aqueous, alcoholic and dairy with pH over 4.5
532B Blue latex disposable glove, no powder 2014TM0173 A & D1 Aqueous, alcoholic and dairy with pH over 4.5
540 Powdered natural vinyl disposable glove 2014TM0178 B & C Aqueous, alcoholic up to 20%
550 Natural vinyl disposable glove, no powder 2014TM0179 B & D1 Aqueous, alcoholic and dairy
560 Powdered blue nitrile disposable glove 2014TM0180 C & D2 Aqueous, alcoholic with pH over 4.5
560E Economic blue nitrile disposable glove 2014TM0383 C & D2 Aqueous, alcoholic with pH over 4.5
561 Powdered blue nitrile disposable glove 2014TM0174 D1 & D2 Aqueous, alcoholic and dairy with pH over 4.5
570 Blue nitrile disposable glove, no powder 2014TM0181 B, D1 & D2 For all food
570E Economic blue nitrile disposable glove 2014TM0384 B, D1 & D2 For all food
571 Blue nitrile disposable glove, no powder 2014TM0182 A, B & D2 For all food
572B Nitrile disposable glove, no powder 2014TM0177 C & D2 Aqueous, alcoholic with pH over 4.5
580OR Nitrile disposable glove 2015TM0459 D1 & D2 Aqueous, alcoholic, dairy and fatty food with reduction factor (X/3 or greater) with pH over 4.5
580NR Nitrile disposable glove 2015TM0460 D1 & D2 Aqueous, alcoholic, dairy and fatty food with pH over 4.5
304674 Nitrile disposable glove      
PB509 Powdered blue latex disposable glove 2014TM0176 D1 Aqueous, alcoholic and dairy
PP2328 Powdered natural latex disposable glove 2014TM0175 C Aqueous, alcoholic with pH over 4.5

No support

Ref Composition Certificate Substances Suitable for food
611 B Satin latex glove, no support 2014TM0324 B, D1 & E Aqueous, acid, alcoholic, dairy and dry
611 N Satin latex glove, no support 2014TM0323 D1 & E Aqueous, alcoholic, dairy and dry
621B/38 Natural latex glove, no support 2014TM0321 B, D1 & E Aqueous, acid, alcoholic, dairy and dry
621/38 Natural latex glove, no support 2014TM0320 D1 & E Aqueous, alcoholic, dairy and dry
621 Y Natural latex glove, no support 2014TM0322 B, D1 & E Aqueous, acid, alcoholic, dairy and dry
811 Satin nitrile glove, no support 2014TM0328 B, D1 & D2 For all food
811C/38 Satin nitrile glove, no support 2014TM0327 B, D1 & D2 For all food
811C/55 Satin nitrile glove, no support 2014TM0326 B, D1 & D2 For all food
821 Flocked nitrile glove, no support 2014TM0325 B, D1 & D2 For all food

Others

REF Composition Certificate Substances Suitable for food
308 Thick leather mitt with rings 2014TM0526 E  
413 POL Polyamide glove, no cuff 2014TM0262 A, B & D2 For all food
3935 - 3945 Neoprene glove, foam cotton support 2015TM0191 D1 Aqueous, alcoholic and dairy
4400 - 4410 Dyneema fibre glove mixed with fibre glass 2015TM0718 B & D1 For all food
4408 Dyneema fibre glove, polyurethane coating 2015TM0382 B & D1 For all food
4425 Dyneema fibre glove, double nitrile coating 2015TM0196 B & D1 Aqueous, acid, alcoholic and dairy
4438 Dyneema fibre sleeve mixed with fibre glass 2014TM0513 D1 & D2 Aqueous, alcoholic, dairy and fatty food with reduction factor (X/3 or greater)
4530-5735 FOOD CERTIFICATE NOT UPDATED OK JP 06.03.2015
5000 B Seamless Thermstat thermal fibre glove 2014TM0031 A, B & D2 For all food
5010 - 5013 BL Dyneema fibre glove, gauge 10 2014TM0334 B, D1 & D2 Aqueous, alcoholic, dairy and fatty food with reduction factor (X/2 or greater)
5010 - 5013 GY Dyneema fibre glove, gauge 10 2014TM0345 B, D1 & D2 Aqueous, alcoholic, dairy and fatty food with reduction factor (X/3 or greater)
5115 Foam nitrile glove with nylon lining 2015TM0720 D1 & D2 Aqueous, alcoholic, dairy and fatty food with reduction factor (X/2 or greater) with a pH over 4.5
5130W - 5130HCW Synthetic fibre seamless glove 2015TM0658 B & D1 Aqueous, acid, alcoholic and dairy
5135 Blue foam nitrile glove 2014TM0397 D1 Aqueous, alcoholic and dairy with pH over 4.5
5160 - 5160HC Seamless nylon glove with nitrile coating 2014TM0417 B, D1 & D2 For all food
5160 PPU   2014TM0579 B, D1 & D2 Aqueous, alcoholic, dairy and fatty food with reduction factor (X/4 or greater)
5160 W Seamless nylon glove with nitrile coating 2015TM0198 B & D1 Aqueous, acid, alcoholic and dairy
5830 Natural latex glove on cotton support 2015TM0190 C Aqueous and alcoholic with pH over 4.5
AC5,440 Seamless nylon glove with nitrile coating 2015TM0719 D1 & D2 For all food with pH over 4.5
DCRNM1 Dyneema fibre glove, gauge 10 2014TM0514 B & D1 Aqueous, acid, alcoholic and dairy
DCRNM7 Dyneema fibre glove, gauge 7 2014TM0520 B & D1 Aqueous, acid, alcoholic and dairy
DY008SP Dyneema fibre glove, polyurethane coating 2015TM0717 B & D1 Aqueous, acid, alcoholic and dairy
DY012BL Dyneema fibre glove with coating 2014TM0351 D1 & E Aqueous, alcoholic, dairy and dry with a pH over 4.5
G16800 Glove with rough latex coating 2015TM0341 E For dry food
GB16800 Glove with rough latex coating 2015TM0340 E For dry food
NI00 - NI10 Synthetic fibre seamless glove 2015TM0067 B & D1 Aqueous, acid, alcoholic and dairy
NT30 Dyneema fibre glove, nitrile coating 2015TM0197 B & D1 Aqueous, acid, alcoholic and dairy
NX00-NX10 FOOD CERTIFICATE NOT UPDATED OK JP 21.03.2015
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