In this section, we will explain the standards that help you find the right clothing to suit your needs.
- ENISO 13688:2013. Protective clothing General requirements.
- EN14404:2005+A1:2010. Knee protectors for work in the kneeling position.
- ENISO20471:2013. High visibility clothing.
- EN14058:2004. Protective clothing. Garments for protection against cool environments -5ºC or more.
- EN342:2004. Garments for protection against cold, under -5ºC.
- EN343:2004+A1:2008. Protection against rain.
- ENISO 14116:2008. Protective clothing. Protection against heat and flame - Limited flame spread materials, material assemblies and clothing.
- ENISO 11612:2015. Clothing to protect against heat and flame.
- ENISO 1149-5:2008. Protective clothing. Electrostatic properties. Material performance and design requirements.
- ENISO 13034:2005+A1:2009. Protective clothing against liquid chemicals.
RISK CATEGORIES FOR PPEs (according to new 2016/425 ruling)
Includes the following minimum risks (superficial mechanical injuries, contact with weakly acting cleaning materials, or extensive contact with water, contact with hot surfaces not exceeding 50ºC., eye injuries caused by sunlight, non extreme atmospheric conditions.
Includes risks other than any listed in CAT I and III.
Exclusively includes risks that might incur very serious consequences such as death or irreversible damage to health, in relation to the following: health-hazard substances and mixtures, oxygen-poor atmospheres, harmful bacterial agents, ionising radiation, high temperature environments with effects comparable to air temperature of at least 100ºC, low temperature atmospheres with effects comparable to air temperature of -50ºC or less, falling from heights, electric shocks, and working on live installations, drowning, cuts caused by hand-operated chain saws, high pressure jets, gun or knife injuries, damaging noise.
EN ISO 13688:2013 - Protective clothing General requirements
General requirements for protective clothing are specified in the EN ISO 13688:2013 international standard. This standard specifies general requirements for ergonomics, safety, duration, ageing, sizing and marking protective clothing and provides information that should be supplied by the manufacturer. The clothing should be designed and manufactured to give users maximum comfort. The components and materials used should not damage the user or cause allergies, irritations or injuries.
Each garment will be marked. The marking will be done on the actual product or printed on labels stuck to the product; appropriately fastened so it can be seen and read; lasting the appropriate number of cleaning processes.
Specific marking: *Commercial brand name or other means of identifying the manufacturer or their authorised representative. * Type of product.* Size. * Specific EN number. * Pictograms and, if appropriate, service provision levels.* Care label.
EN 14404:2004+A1:2010 – Personal protective devices - Knee protectors for work requiring kneeling.
The standard specifies requirements for knee protectors for use in a kneeling position.
EN ISO 20471:2013 - High Visibility Clothing.
Methods for tests and requirements
This international standard specifies requirements for protective clothing that visually indicates the user's presence, intended to make the user visible in hazardous situations in any type of daylight and when lit by car headlights in the dark.
X: The number next to the pictogram indicates the clothing class in accordance with table 1. (class 1 to 3).
|CLASS 3||CLASS 2||CLASS 1|
Classes: High visibility clothing is grouped into three classes according to the risk assessment. Each class dictates minimum surface areas of visible materials on the clothing according to table 1. The clothing should have the required surface area of background material and reflective material.
Marking: In addition to what is indicated in EN ISO 13688, the pictogram should be shown and in the event that the manufacturer indicates a maximum number of cleaning cycles, the number should be added to the marking.
Study of prEN ISO 20471:2013/ AMD1:2016
This document contains the first amendment to the EN ISO 20471:2013 high visibility standard regarding the reflection test after abrasion.
- "The sample should be fitted on the abrasive table and the abrasive should be mounted on the test sample support."
- "NOTE regarding ISO 12947-2, the inverted mode (meaning the sample on the abrasive table not on the test sample support) leads to a worn area that allows a post-abrasion test or evaluation to be performed."
The sample was previously mounted on a sample support and now it is mounted on the abrasive table. This type of change is usually made to improve the test method repetitiveness or to adapt the test to real usage conditions. The standard will be available to be used by notified organisations from November 2016, and so must be met from April 2017.
EN 14058:2004 - Garments for protection against cool environments . -5ºC ≤Room temperature< 10ºC
- A: thermal resistance category
- B: air permeation category (optional).
- C: water permeation category (optional).
- D: insulation value ICLER in m2 K/W (optional).
- E: insulation value ICLER in m2 K/W (optional).
- NB: X indicates that the clothing has not been tested.
This standard specifies test requirements and methods for single garment service provision, to protect the body against cold environments. It does not include specific requirements for head covering, footwear or protective gloves to avoid specific cooling.
Classification of the thermal resistance R ct
|Rct m2 KV||CLASS|
|0.06 ≤ Rct < 0.12||1|
|0.12 ≤ Rct < 0.18||2|
|0.18 ≤ Rct < 0.25||3|
Air permeation classification, AP
|100 < AP||1|
|AP ≤ 5||3|
Water permeation classification, WP
- Cold environment: environment characterised by the possible combination of damp and wind at a temperature of -5ºC or above.
- Thermal resistance (insulation), Rct: temperature difference between either side of a material, divided between the heat flow by surface unit, in the gradient direction. The thermal resistance, Rct expressed in square metres Kelvin per Watt, is a specific characteristic of textiles or combinations of materials.
- Evaporation resistance, Rct: water vapour pressure difference between either side of a material, divided between the evaporation heat flow by surface unit, in the gradient direction. The evaporation resistance, expressed in square metres Pascal per Watt, is a specific characteristic of textiles or combinations of materials.
- Water penetration resistance, WP: the hydrostatic pressure withstood by a material measures opposition to water breaking through a material. Its value is expressed in Pa.
- Effective thermal insulation, lcle: thermal insulation, in defined conditions, between the skin and the external surface area of the garment, measured using a stationary dummy. The effective thermal insulation value, lcle, is determined in relation to the surface area of bare skin. Its value is expressed in m2K/W.
- Resulting effective thermal insulation, lcler: thermal insulation, in defined conditions, between the skin and the external surface area of the garment, measured using a mobile dummy. The resulting effective thermal insulation value, lcler, is determined in relation to the surface area of bare skin. Its value is expressed in m2K/W.
Study of prEN 14058:2016 (within EN14058:2004)
This is a comparative study between the latest draft of the pre-standard prEN 14058:2016 and the standard UNE-EN 14058:2004. Publication planned for late January 2017
The main changes from the current standard, introduced by this draft, focus on introducing an additional class for thermal resistances over 0.25 m2 K/W
|Rct m2 KV||CLASS|
|0.06 ≤ Rct < 0.12||1|
|0.06 ≤ Rct < 0.12||2|
|0.12 ≤ Rct < 0.18||3|
|0.25 ≤ Rct < 0.12||4|
Clothing that complies with this condition will have its resulting effective thermal insulation calculated. If the resulting effective thermal insulation value is above 0.265 m2 K/W, the product should comply with the EN 342. Furthermore, it is now compulsory if the RCT value is greater than or equal to 0.25 m2 K/W. The minimum Icler value changes from 0.170 m2 K/W in UNE-EN 14058:2004 to 0.174 m2 K/W in this draft. On the other hand, the category system is eliminated for water penetration resistance. The ergonomics and safety requirements are now much more detailed, including design requirements for some types of clothing that cover the top half of the body. The tearing resistance requirement has been lowered to 5N and this includes the outer material of the jackets, and requirements have been added for resistance to shattering and dimension changes due to cleaning.
EN 342:2004 - Garments for protection against cold(Temperatures under -5ºC)
- A: Thermal insulation value.
- B: Clothing's breathability class (class 1 to 3) TABLE 1
- C: Clothing's impermeability class (optional)(category 1 to 2) TABLE 2
- * If the clothing has not taken one of the optional tests, the marking will be X.
This standard sets the compound characteristics for protective clothing in cold places, with a combination of damp, wind and a temperature under 5ºC. The fillings and specific production techniques make the clothing highly breathable and, at the same time, warm.
Air permeation classification, AP
|100 < AP||1|
|5 <AP < 100||2|
|AP << 5||3|
Water permeation classification, WP
Study of prEN 342:2016 (within EN342:2004)
- The main changes focus on the variation of the minimum resulting effective thermal insulation value that will be 0.265 m2 K/W as opposed to 0.310 from UNE- EN 342. On the other hand, the effective insulation calculation is no longer required, although it was optionally calculated in UNE-EN 342.
- The class system is eliminated for water penetration resistance. This property should at least attain a class 1 value for UNE-EN 342 and a new requirement has been introduced to calculate the water vapour impermeability index in the event that water vapour resistance exceeds the maximum limit given in the standard. The ergonomics and safety requirements are now much more detailed, including design requirements for some types of clothing that cover the top half of the body. The tearing resistance requirement has been lowered to 5N and this includes the outer material of the jackets, and requirements have been added for resistance to shattering and dimension changes due to cleaning.
EN 343:2004+A1:2008 Protection against rain (–5ºC and above)
- A: the garment's impermeability level (class 1 to 3) Table 1.
- B: the garment's impermeability class (class 1 to 3) Table 2.
This standard lays down characteristics for the materials and seams on clothing intended to protect against precipitation (rain, snow), mist and damp. The clothing is designed and produced with impermeable and breathable materials, paying particular attention to the seams, to guarantee maximum comfort.
A - Water penetration resistance
|Table 1||Class 1||Class 2||Class 3|
|Before prior treatment||≥8000||x||x|
|Before prior treatment, seams||≥8000||≥8000||≥13000|
|After each prior treatment prescribed in EN 343||X||≥8000||≥13000|
B - Water vapour resistance
|Table 1||Class 1||Class 2||Class 3|
|Resistance to water vapour. Rct (M PA/W)||40 < Rct||20 < Rct ≤40||Rct ≤ 20|
EN ISO 11611:2015. Protective clothing – protection for welding and similar procedures
- CLASS 1: Manual welding techniques with slight formation of splashes and droplets.
- CLASS 2: Manual welding techniques with major formation of splashes and droplets.
- A1 or A2: flame propagation
- In the EN ISO 11611:2015, it is compulsory for all clothing to have at least the A1 property, therefore the correct marking will be A1 or A1+A2.
This standard defines the service provision and minimum safety requirements for the clothing being studied to protect the body from sparks, splashes of molten metal and droplets produced by welding and similar procedures.
EN ISO 14116:2008. Protective clothing - Protection against heat and flame - Limited flame spread materials, material assemblies and clothing.
|INDEX 1||INDEX 2||INDEX 3||Property||Requirements|
|X||X||X||Flame propagation.||No test allows the lower part of the flame to reach the upper or vertical edge.|
|X||X||X||Inflammable waste.||No test can generate inflammable waste.|
|X||X||X||Incandescent waste.||After extinguishing the flame, there should be no incandescent waste remaining that can be distributed from the burnt zone to the intact area.|
|X||X||Hole formation.||No test can form holes.|
|X||Combustion waste.||The duration of combustion in each test cannot be greater than 2s.|
This standard gives details of the service provision requirements for materials and protective clothing with limited flame propagation, in order to reduce the chance of a piece of clothing burning, with the consequent danger.
Notes: The limited flame propagation index should always be declared by indicating the cleaning index as follows: X limited flame propagation index Y number of washing cycles that the sample has undergone I industrial washing H domestic washing C dry cleaning with perchloroethylene Z washing temperature.
EN 1149-5:2008. Protective clothing. Electrostatic properties
This standard specifies the material and construction requirements for clothing that gives off electrostatic charges, used as part of a total earthing system to avoid discharges that might cause a fire.
EN 13034:2005+A1:2009. Protective clothing against liquid chemicals
- A1: Resistance to penetration.
This standard defines the service provision and minimum safety requirements for clothing being studied to guarantee limited protection against liquid chemicals.
Cotton: The ultimate natural fibre, plant origin. Within our range, it is used in combination with polyester or on its own. The usual composition in Spain for basic work clothes is 65% polyester and 35% cotton (the resistance of a synthetic along with the natural cotton fibre making our clothing last but, at the same time, maintaining a high level of comfort). In countries such as France, they combine a higher proportion of cotton than CVC polyester. Natural cotton combines with the resistance of synthetic fibres giving our clothing the best performance in terms of comfort and hard-wearing 60% cotton and 40% polyester. The fabrics come in different weights, varying according to the geographic area and the weather. Consequently, higher weights are used in the North of Europe than in the South.
Polyester: Synthetic fibre that is highly resistant to abrasion and tearing. It resists certain acids and performs well in a damp environment, as it dries quickly.
Polyamide: Synthetic fibre that is highly resistant to tearing and abrasion. Withstands diluted acids and damp.
Elastane: Elastane, lycra or spandex is a synthetic fibre known for its great elasticity and strength.
Coating: Treatment that prevents water from penetrating the fabric. In addition to resisting damp very well, it also keeps out bacteria that might damage the fabric. It is usually applied to the inside of the fabric (unseen part). According to the type of coating, it can be water repellent, impermeable, breathable or wind-stopping. The most usual coatings on our work clothes are polyurethane that maintains maximum impermeability and transpiration or PVC material that is also highly impermeable.
Nylon: Nylon (registered brand) is an artificial polymer that belongs to the polyamide group. It is formally generated by polycondensation of a diacid and a diamine.
Ripstop Nylon: This is produced using a strengthening technique that makes the fabric resistant to breaking and wear. Strengthening threads are woven into the fabric at regular intervals, producing a standard network pattern. This fabric provides the right strength for work clothes.
Pongee Nylon: Pongee Nylon is a highly technical fabric that is used in high quality clothing to ensure exceptional resistance to wear and make garments last longer.
Acrylic: Acrylic fibre is a synthetic fibre that is very similar to wool in terms of characteristics. Fibres that contain a minimum of 85% acrylonitrile in their chemical structure are called "acrylic fibre". The acrylic fibre is composed of acrylonitrile and a comonomer. The comonomer is added to improve the dying capacity and to make the acrylic fabric more processable. Acrylic fibre is produced using two different systems: damp threading and dry threading. The Dupont Corporation created the first acrylic fibres in 1941 and registered them under the name of "Orlon".
Twill: Soft fabric characterised by a diagonal weave that gives the clothing a more sophisticated look. Normally used in different weights of cotton or cotton polyester constructions. It is a soft finish with good transpiration properties and resistance to pulling.
Canvas: Special fabric structure characterised by greater resistance to mechanical tension, highly breathable. Normally used in cotton or polyester cotton constructions that give maximum resistance against abrasion and shrinking.
Denim: CKnown as jeans fabric, its special structure makes it very strong and comfortable. When elastane is added, it gives an elastic effect that provides a better fit to the body.
Oxford: normally used in polyester constructions, it shows good resistance to pulling and traction. In our clothing, we use it as an impermeable, breathable coating.
Flex finish: combination of cotton with elastane that provides good resistance to abrasion and a great deal of comfort given the elasticity of the combination.
Fleece fabric: This gives protection against the cold depending on its weight. Normally made of polyester.
Interlock knit: Used in summer clothes such as polo tops, t-shirts or jackets.
Soft shell: Soft Shell is composed of 3 different layers to create a unique combination of material: water-repellent polyester on the outside, impermeable, breathable and wind proof TPU membrane and a soft microfiber inside. Soft Shell clothing is ideal for use at work, but also at play.
Pique: Piqué or marcella is a fabric divided up into twelve by twelve threads, normally used with cotton thread that is characterised because half the threads raised in each section change alternately on each pass. Twilled cotton and cord cotton are close families.
Washing Pictograms and their meaning